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Oxygen Plasma/Bismuth Modified Inkjet Printed Graphene Electrode for the Sensitive Simultaneous Detection of Lead and Cadmium

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Document pages: 14 pages

Abstract: In this work, a simple procedure for the preparation of an inkjet printed disposable graphene electrode is reported. Commercial graphene ink was printed on a kapton substrate and the resulting electrode was 30 min treated by oxygen plasma, then modified by a bismuth salt. The as prepared electrode was characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), laser scanning microscopy (LSM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled to energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The sensing properties of the characterized electrodes were then investigated using cyclic voltammetry and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). Afterwards, these electrodes were exploited in a comparative way for the electroanalysis of Cadmium(II) and Lead(II) ions. An increase in the electrode sensitivity due to its modification and to the presence of bismuth was observed. Some preliminary experiments based on stripping square wave voltammetry highlighted the interest of using the proposed disposable inkjet printed electrodes for the electrochemical detection of heavy metals in tap water.

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