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Experimental Investigation on Hydrothermal Reduction of Sulfates to H2S and Organic Sulfides by Ethene

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Document pages: 12 pages

Abstract: The kinetic characteristics of alkenes involved in thermochemical sulfate reduction (TSR) have been never reported in geological literature. In this study, TSR by ethene under hydrothermal conditions was performed in the constrained simulation experiments. Typical TSR products consisted of H2S, CO2, mercaptans, sulfides, thiophenes derivatives and benzothiophene. The apparent activation energy E and apparent frequency factor A for TSR by ethene were determined as 76.370 kJ mol and 4.579 s-1, respectively. The lower activation energy for ethene involved in TSR relative to ethane suggested that the reactivity of ethene is much higher than that of ethane, in accordance with the thermodynamic analysis. Rate constants were determined experimentally using first-order kinetics extrapolate to MgSO4 half-lives of 67.329 years - 3.053 years in deep burial diagenetic settings (120°C - 180°C). These values demonstrate that the reaction rate for TSR by ethene is extraordinarily fast in high-temperature gas reservoirs (120°C - 180°C). Consequently, the newly formed ethene from thermal cracking and TSR alteration of natural gas and or petroleum could not survive after TSR process and were rarely detected in natural TSR reservoirs.

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