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Development of the Bioenergy as a Part of Renewable Energy in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Analysis

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Document pages: 21 pages

Abstract: A comparative assessment of the bioenergy and renewable energy situation in the Nordic countries, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway, was conducted in this study. What factors have contributed to the current high use of renewable energy and especially bioenergy in the Nordic countries? What are the sources of renewable energy and where renewable energy is being used? The development of renewable energy use is described by time series and compared to the overall development of the EU. All of the Nordic countries have high renewable energy consumption and have already met the target for gross final energy consumption according to the Europe 2020 strategy while the EU is behind the 20 target. In total, 53.1 Mtoe renewable energy was used in the Nordic countries in 2018, which was 51 of the final energy consumption, 103.3 Mtoe. Bioenergy accounts for approximately half of renewable energy, 25.8 Mtoe, and is anticipated to develop further. Especially in Norway and Sweden the share of renewable energy was high (73 and 55 ) compared to Finland and Denmark (41 and 36 ). Norway is famous for hydropower (81 share of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in 2018) and Denmark for wind power production (20 ), while Finland utilizes a lot of biomass for co-generation and heating (79 ), followed by Denmark (64 ) and Sweden (55 ) in 2018. At EU level, bioenergy plays even a higher role than in Nordic countries in renewable energy production (56 ) in 2017 and is anticipated to continue to grow in all end-use sectors such as heating and cooling, electricity generation and transport, in the 2020s.

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