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Mitigating the Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Exploitation: Issues of Compliance, Cost of Production, and Community Awareness

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Document pages: 15 pages

Abstract: This study assessed theeffectiveness of mitigation measures adopted to address the environmentaleffects of oil and gas industries from the perspective of compliance, cost ofproduction, and community awareness. The research applied a case study throughmulti-method-qualitative and quantitative approaches. The target population of547,368 people involved people in Takoradi, Shama and Newtown communities. Asample size of 150 was selected and categorised under 36 for Shama,30 for Newtown and 34 for Takoradi. A combination of probability (simplerandom) and non-probability (cluster and convenience) sampling frames were usedto access the respondents for the study. Data collection tools were limited toquestionnaires and interview sessions. The descriptive statistics, RelativeImportance Index (RII) and significance testing using a one-sample t-testmodule guided the analysis. Interview sessions were compiled into transcriptsand later categorized into themes that directly reflected the patterns of thequestions on the questionnaire. The conclusion rated major decisions inmitigating oil and gas impacts on the environment as first for conscious effortto package fuel and other chemicals in safe storages, followed by the use ofbest road systems to reduce the risk of accidents, then application of strictrules and regulations to curb impacts and lastly capacity building forparticipants in the oil and gas production industry. While significant measureshave been adopted to mitigate the effects of oil and gas exploration, thereremain challenges with effectiveness as a result of weakness in communityinvolvement efforts, lack of motivation, weak laws and regulations and loss ofrespect. For effectiveness in reducing the challenges to mitigate theenvironmental impacts of the oil and gas production activity, policymakers, aswell as the practitioners in the oil production industry, are advised tomotivate people into buying into their policy to reduce such impacts.

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