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Smart City Governance in Developing Countries A Systematic Literature Review

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Document pages: 30 pages

Abstract: Smart cities that make broad use of digital technologies have been touted aspossible solutions for the population pressures faced by many cities indeveloping countries and may help meet the rising demand for services andinfrastructure. Nevertheless, the high financial cost involved ininfrastructure maintenance, the substantial size of the informal economies, andvarious governance challenges are curtailing government idealism regardingsmart cities. This review examines the state of smart city development indeveloping countries, which includes understanding the conceptualisations,motivations, and unique drivers behind (and barriers to) smarty citydevelopment. A total of 56 studies were identified from a systematic literaturereview from an initial pool of 3928 social sciences literature identified fromtwo academic databases. Data were analysed using thematic synthesis andthematic analysis. The review found that technology-enabled smart cities indeveloping countries can only be realised when concurrent socioeconomic, human,legal, and regulatory reforms are instituted. Governments need to step up theirefforts to fulfil the basic infrastructure needs of citizens, raise morerevenue, construct clear regulatory frameworks to mitigate the technologicalrisks involved, develop human capital, ensure digital inclusivity, and promoteenvironmental sustainability. A supportive ecosystem that encourages citizenparticipation, nurtures start-ups, and promotes public-private partnershipsneeds to be created to realise their smart city vision.

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