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Differential Impacts of Wind Energy on Sustainable Power Generation in Ghana

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Document pages: 21 pages

Abstract: Ghana has a yearly development interest for power at a rate of 83.8 in2010, and to 12 from 2020 to 2040 but this opportunity has been farfetchedwith the shocks in energy generation during 1983, 1994, 1997-98, and 2006-2007era pushing the energy sector into crisis and a consequent adverse impact of1.5 to GDP. This study, therefore, investigated the differential impacts ofwind energy to sustainable power generation in Ghana by assessing thedeterminants of energy supply, energy demand and supply mix for energydevelopment, the capacity of the energy sector to develop wind power andpossible challenges in developing wind power energy in Ghana. An exploratorydesign that adopted both qualitative and quantities approaches was applied to the study. The study population involving 34 sample sizes was accessed from a 46 population made up ofmanagement ministers of energy and counsellorsor energy experts. The study concluded that the demand for energy inGhana has increased over the years but without a commensurate increase inenergy supply. Major reasons for the shortfall in energy supply have centred onthe monopoly enjoyed by the major power producer which invariably places stresson its ability to supply energy to meet the increasing demand. It also came outthat wind energy has the potential to contribute to the overall energy fortunesof Ghana. However, a focus on wind energy may not produce the requiredresults of reducing the energy supply gap due to a preference for solar and naturalgas oils. It was also noteworthy that the need to build capacity to develop andmaintain wind energy through critical, current infrastructure stance of theGhanaian energy sector would not make this agenda of developing wind energy areality. More so, it is important to note that the need to enhance the currentweak national policy, financial backing and bridge technology gap for windenergy would be needful to realise a vibrant investment into wind energydevelopment.

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