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Intersection Related Crash Injuries: A Study on Factors Contributing to Injury Severity among Younger and Older Drivers in Summer and Winter

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Document pages: 16 pages

Abstract: Olderdrivers and younger drivers are affected differently both in summer and winter.Different factors affect each level of severity differently; some factors affect a particular level of injury severitydifferently from when the same factor is analyzed for another injury severity.The goal of this study is to identify the factorsthat contribute to injury severity among older drivers (65+) and young drivers(16 - 25) considering two seasons namely, summer andwinter at intersections. Binary ordered probit models were used to develop fourmodels to identify the contributing factors, two models for each season, namelywinter and summer. A statistical t-test has been done to identify thestatistically significant variables @ 90 confidence interval. Based on the developed models, in summer, threecontributing factors, driving too fast condition, rear-end crashes, andfollowed too close are associated with younger drivers injury severity, whiletwo contributing factors, rear-end crashes and followed too close areassociated with older drivers injury severity. In winter, five factors, made an improper turn, E Failed to YieldRight-of-Way from Traffic Signal, rear end(front to rear), gender like male and lighting condition like dark and dusk light condition, are associated with younger drivers injuryseverity, while three factors such as made improper turn, rear-end crashes, andfollowed too close are associated with older drivers injury severity.Contributing factors in summer are the same for both younger and older drivers,but different in winter for both younger and older drivers. This indicates thatolder drivers and younger drivers are affected differently both in summer andwinter.

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