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Two Dimensional Swarm Formation in Time-invariant External Potential Modelling Analysis and Control

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Document pages: 11 pages

Abstract: Clustering formation has been observed in many organisms in Nature. It hasthe desirable properties for designing energy efficient protocols for WirelessSenor Networks (WSNs). In this paper, we present a new approach for energyefficient WSNs protocol which investigate how cluster formation of sensorsresponse to external time-invariant energy potential. In this approach, thenecessity of data transmission to Base Station is eliminated, therebyconserving energy for WSNs. We define swarm formation topology, and estimatethe curvature of external potential manifold by analyzing the change of theswarm formation in time. We also introduce a dynamic formation controlalgorithm for maintaining defined swarm formation topology in externalpotential.

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