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Modeling tax distribution in metropolitan regions with PolicySpace

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Document pages: 10 pages

Abstract: Brazilian executive body has consistently vetoed legislative initiativeseasing creation and emancipation of municipalities. The literature listsevidence of the negative results of municipal fragmentation, especially so formetropolitan regions. In order to provide evidences for the argument ofmetropolitan union, this paper quantifies the quality of life of metropolitancitizens in the face of four alternative rules of distribution of municipal taxcollection. Methodologically, a validated agent-based spatial model issimulated. On top of that, econometric models are tested using real exogenousvariables and simulated data. Results suggest two central conclusions. First,the progressiveness of the Municipal Participation Fund and its relevance to abetter quality of life in metropolitan municipalities is confirmed. Second,municipal financial merging would improve citizens quality of life, comparedto the status quo for 23 Brazilian metropolises. Further, the paper presentsquantitative evidence that allows comparing alternative tax distributions foreach of the 40 simulated metropolises, identifying more efficient forms offiscal distribution and contributing to the literature and to contemporaryparliamentary debate.

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