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Changing views about remote working during the COVID-19 pandemic Evidence using panel data from Japan

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Document pages: 25 pages

Abstract: COVID-19 has led to school closures in Japan to cope with the pandemic. Underthe state of emergency, in addition to school closure, after-school care hasnot been sufficiently supplied. We independently collected individual leveldata through internet surveys to construct short panel data from mid-March tomid-June 2020, which covered before and after the state of emergency. Weanalyze how the presence of school-aged children influences their parents viewsabout working from home. After controlling for various factors using a fixedeffects model, we find that in cases where parents were workers, and thechildren are (1) in primary school, parents are willing to promote working fromhome. If children are (2) in junior high school, the parents view is hardlyaffected. (3) Surprisingly, workers whose children are primary school pupilsare most likely to support promotion of working from home after schools reopen.Due to school closure and a lack of after-school care, parents need to workfrom home, and this experience motivated workers with small children tocontinue doing so to improve work-life balance even after schools reopen.

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