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Efficient Image Recognition Technique Using Invariant Moments and Principle Component Analysis

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Document pages: 11 pages

Abstract: Image recognition is widely used in different application areas such as shape recognition, gesture recognition and eye recognition. In this research, we introduced image recognition using efficient invariant moments and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) for gray and color images using different number of invariant moments. We used twelve moments for each image of gray images and Hu’s seven moments for color images to decrease dimensionality of the problem to 6 PCA’s for gray and 5 PCA’s for color images and hence the recognition time. PCA is then employed to decrease dimensionality of the problem and hence the recognition time and this is our main objective. The PCA is derived from Karhunen-Loeve’s transformation. Given an N-dimensional vector representation of each image, PCA tends to find a K-dimensional subspace whose basis vectors correspond to the maximum variance direction in the original image space. This new subspace is normally lower dimensional (K N). Three known datasets are used. The first set is the known Flower dataset. The second is the Africans dataset, and the third is the Shapes dataset. All these datasets were used by many researchers.

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