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Knowledge, Attitude and Oral Hygiene Practices among Medical Practitioners in Delta State, Nigeria

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Document pages: 10 pages

Abstract: Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, Delta StateUniversity, Abraka, Nigeria. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 18.0 package.Descriptive statistics was analyzed using simple frequency percentagesdistribution and association between categorical variables and sex was doneusing a chi-square test. Significance was accepted at p Result: Findings from the study present 76.0 males and 24.0 females in the studiedpopulation. Five categories of health care providers were assessed, 63.0 ofrespondents were medical officers, 21.0 were consultants, and 10.0 wereresidents, while 6.0 were house officers. The results showed that 43.9 of theparticipants brushed their teeth once daily, 54.5 twice daily while 1.6 thrice daily. Respondents were asked the last time theyvisited a dentist. Out of the 123 participants, 37.4 never visited, 20.3 claimed six months ago, 13.0 visited a year ago, 10.6 two years ago and19.40 visited more than two years ago. It also shows percentage distributionof variant types of last treatment, 19.5 had extraction, 10.6 had filling,and 33.3 had scaling and polishing while 36.6 had other types of dental treatment. The study revealed that the majority of the respondents (93.5 ) hada positive attitude towards oral health. A total of 91.9 of the participantshad knowledge of oral hygiene, while 8.1 had no idea of oral hygiene. Morethan half of the respondent (57.2 ) agreed and strongly agreed that oralhygiene knowledge in medical schools was adequate while 35.0 disagreed andstrongly disagreed. There was no significant association (p > 0.05) betweenfrequency of daily teeth brushing, last dental visit, variant treatments andsex. Conclusion: Findings from this study showed that the majority of the participants had an adequate knowledge on proper oralhygiene care and they had a positive attitude towards oral health. Being healthcare providers, the adequate knowledge and positive attitude could have a positive impact onthe patients.

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