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Mach Principle and Post-Einsteinian Relativity Theory

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Document pages: 16 pages

Abstract: Inertia is one of the most mysterious forces of nature. Its physical nature is unknown. Accordingly, attempts are made to avoid this “dark force” in one way or another. In Newton’s mechanics and in the special relativity theory, this is done by postulating inertial reference frame, in the general relativity theory by postulating the equivalence principle. Postulates cannot change the laws of nature. One needs to know the latter. Given that the forces of inertia result in non-inertial reference frames only, a hypothesis of the induction nature of inertia has been made. According to this hypothesis, the forces of inertia result as the reaction of a body to external influence. A system of equations explaining the physical nature of inertia and its connection to gravity has been drafted. A group of coordinate conversion has been suggested, which without violating the general covariance of the laws of nature, enables to distinguish one reference frame associated with one body from another system associated with another body, to determine the privileged ones, and to take into consideration their influence on the readings of measurement instruments. A modified mechanics had been created. It takes into consideration the Mach’s principle and enables to cover all systems with the relativity principle. All of the relativistic effects arise from it. The reasons for emergence of new particles, dark matter, dark energy etc. are explained. New effects are predicted.

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