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Reconstruction and Restoration of Main Facade and Wooden Ceilings of Hasan Basha Tahir Kuttab & Sabil, Cairo—Egypt

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Document pages: 18 pages

Abstract: The architectural complexes of Hasan Basha Tahir were suffering from many damages and deformation in different elements as load bearing walls, arches and wooden ceiling. Ground water, salt weathering, air pollution, biological colonization and environmental aspects were the main degradation factors which caused a lot of damage and deterioration phenomena in the complexes. Horizontal and vertical cracks, salts, loss of decorations, and featured dark of the stone surface were noticed at the complexes elements. In addition, the celling of the complex was in a very bad condition; it had lost a lot of decoration elements, cracking, soot deposition, insects’ holes, and fungi growth. This research will discuss the various deterioration phenomena that have effect on the main building materials and cause the damages and discuss the general scientific methodology of the architectural and structural conservation project which was carried out.

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