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Energy Gap in Saturn’s Rings

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: In this article, we consider, based on the super-diamagnetic model, the new problems of Saturn’s rings discovered by Cassini, such as: 1) anomalous purity of water ice; 2) Saturn’s magnetic field alignment with the planet’s rotation axis; 3) “ring rain” of the submicron particles; 4) the deviation in the qualitative composition of the “rain” from the composition of the rings; 5) “dirt” concentrated in the ring gaps; 6) “plateaus” in Saturn’s C ring; 7) age of the rings; 8) roll-off in the spectrum of Saturn’s rings, and 9) “propellers” in Saturn’s A ring. Interpretation of Cassini’s observations of spectral roll-off in Saturn’s rings in the wavelength range from 100 micrometers to 0.5 mm is given. It was concluded that the substance of the rings could be in the superconducting state. An explanation of the Cassini spectral data is given using the hypothesis of the existence of a superconducting energy gap in the substance of rings.

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