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Forest-Fire Recognition by Sparse and Collaborative Subspace Clustering

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Document pages: 8 pages

Abstract: Traditional forest-fire recognition based on the characteristics of smoke, temperature and light fails to accurately detect and respond to early fires. By analyzing the characteristics of flame, the methods based on aerial image recognition have been widely used, such as RGB-based and HIS-based methods. However, these methods are susceptible to background factors causing interference and false detection. To alleviate these problems, we investigate two subspace clustering methods based on sparse and collaborative representation, respectively, to detect and locate forest fires. Firstly, subspace clustering segments flame from the whole image. Afterwards, sparse or collaborative representation is employed to represent most of the flame information in a dictionary with l1-regularization or l2-regularization term, which results in fewer reconstruction errors. Experimental results show that the proposed SSC and CSC substantially outperform the state-of-the art methods.

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