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Proton and Neutron Electromagnetic Form Factors Based on Bound System in 3 + 1 Dimensional QCD

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Document pages: 24 pages

Abstract: We propose a new description of a nucleon as a pair of pions. The baryon number of our description of nucleon is not 1 but 0. However, this is probable because the proton spin crisis shows that the baryon spin cannot tell the number of composing quarks anymore. Because we use the derived pion wave function to describe a nucleon, our description has automatically the pionic degree of freedom and can be compared to the constituent quark model. Using this description, we investigate the electric charge and magnetization density functions of protons and neutrons. The electric charge density function of neutron is quite similar to those of Galster model and Maints data except the magnitude of singularity. The density functions of proton also show the similar behavior as those of Kelly’s except near origin. Taking the Fourier transform of the density functions, we obtain the Sachs electromagnetic form factors that can be compared to those in the parametrization derived by Ye et al.

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