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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Hypertension, Diabetes and Obesity among Lecturers and Support Staff of Bishop Stuart University in Mbarara, Uganda

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Document pages: 12 pages

Abstract: Aim: To establish the prevalence and risk factors for hypertension, diabetesand obesity among teaching and non-teaching staff of Bishop Stuart University, Mbarara-Uganda. Background: None communicable diseases (NCDs) are projected to exceed communicable diseasesas the most common causes of death by 2030 in Africa. Most sub-Saharan African countries however lackdetailed countrywide data on hypertension and other NCDs risk factors. Cognizant of Uganda’srecent inclusion of Hypertension and diabetes in the health policy agenda, this study was conductedamong the university staff in a rural setting to provide benchmark information for design ofappropriate interventions. Study Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional, institutional based surveydesign. Place and duration ofthe study: This study was conducted among the teaching andnone teaching staff of Bishop Stuart University Mbarara, Uganda from 18th April-6th June 2017. Methodology: Astructured questionnaire was used to gather social demographic and risk factorsdata from the university workers at their work stations. Blood pressure of eachparticipant was measured and Hypertension was defined as systolic BP > 140 and or diastolic (BP) > 90 mmHg. Anthropometric measurements: Body Mass index (BMI) was done by weight in (Kg)and Height in (M2) to establish weight levels. Obesity wasconsidered at BMI > 40. Arandom BloodSugar (RBS) > 200 mg dlwas considered as diabetic. Epi-info version 7 was used to enter data, analyzedusing SPSS version 19. Results: A total of 156 University staff aged 25 - 75years of both sexes, mean age 42 ± 8 wereinterviewed of whom 51 were males. About 15 were administrative staff, 55 teaching staff, 3 senior lecturers and professors and 25 non-teaching staff. The prevalences of Hypertension, Diabetes, and obesity were 7.7 , 16 , and 28 respectively. But also majority(60.2 ) were found at risk of developing both hypertension and diabetes. Lessthan 20 of the participants were knowledgeable on causes, signs and symptomsand preventive measures for Hypertension but had moderate knowledgeable of therisk factors, the mostfrequently mentioned risk by 71 was lack of exercise. Despite the awareness ofrisk factors, majority (61.3 ) had notdone any form of exercise and 64.1 had not had regular Blood pressure checkups. The study also demonstrated a statistically significant relationshipbetween those aged more than 40 years and having hypertension (X2 = 5.82, P = 0.015,OR = 4.2).Likewise the risk of Diabetes increased with increasing age. Lecturers aged 40years and above were 5.6 times likely to have diabetes compared to those agedless than 40 years (OR = 5.6,X2 = 16 , P = 0.0005). A significant number of respondents 57 156 (36.5 )reported history of HPT among their family members. Prevalence of obesity and overweight was observedhigher in senior administrative staff and lecturers than in lower cadre staff49 and 34 (p 0.01). Conclusion: Hypertension, Diabetes and obesity are conditions prevalent among the teachingand none teaching staff of BSU, but knowledge on risk factors, clinicalpresentation and preventive strategies is limited. Routine physical exercises...

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