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Simulating Annealing PLL for Autonomous Microgrid Systems

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Document pages: 14 pages

Abstract: The Phase Locked Loop controller parameters are the key-point that affects the dynamic performance of the autonomous microgrid. They have to be optimally tuned to guarantee enhanced overall system stability. In this paper, two-microgrid plant with their associate PWM inverter connected to the ac main grid and the load is used as an example to demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed system. The Phase Locked Loop controller is designed and tuned using the Simulating Annealing algorithm. This algorithm is used to select the Phase Locked Loop PI controller gains with optimal percentage overshoot, rise time and settling time. The controller is tested during the transition between grid-connected and autonomous operation and in reverse order. The controller is compared with Ziegler and Nichols P and PI controllers. It shows the effectiveness and the extraordinary control response of the proposed control technique with respect to percentage overshoot, rise time and settling time control parameters compared to the conventional one.

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