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Application of Principal Component Analysis as a Technique to Obtain a Social Vulnerability Index for the Design of Public Policies in Mexico

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Document pages: 16 pages

Abstract: The phenomenon of social vulnerability is understood as the set oflimitations or disadvantages to access a quality life. This work aims to obtaina Social Vulnerability Index at the municipal level in Mexico, using theprincipal component analysis technique (Yengle, 2012; Ruano, 2015; Olivares, 2014; Borja-Vega & de laFuente, 2013; Rueda-Torres& Gonzalez-Longatt, 2018), 12indicators were calculated, organized into three categories: sociodemographic,socioeconomic and habitat, typical of each territorial space in Mexico, to knowthe factors that determine social disadvantages in the population. The resultsshow that food poverty, heritage poverty and educational backwardness are themain factors that affect social vulnerability, which highlight the need todesign specific public policies, through a process of articulation andcoherence with the different social actors, in order to contribute to closingsubnational social gaps and developing the endogenous capacities of theterritories so that they have an impact on the social development of thecountry.

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