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Evaluation of Early Stage Cleft Lip and Palate Using 3D-Ultral Sonography Screening

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Document pages: 29 pages

Abstract: Congenital cleft lip palate occurs heterogeneouslyworldwide. Out of the one-hundred and thirty million newborns worldwide, 3.6million identified with a disability, 7.6 million (approximately 5.8 ) beingborn with a congenital anomaly. Additionally, 7.5 of them are registered withhaving cleft lip palate. In Mongolia, the statistics from the Mongolia HealthDepartment reported that in 2012 cleft lip palate occurred among 1 out of 1072individuals in Mongolia [1]. Over the years, there have been many measures taken to ameliorate theseissues around the world. Recently, the sophisticated three-dimensionalultra-sonography equipment is evaluable in pediatric science. Thanks to thisequipment, we are able to detect the orofacial defects and diagnose infantsproperly in advance. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the lip andpalate of a fetus by using three-dimensional ultra-sonography in the second andthird trimester of gestational period. Our research aims to detect fetusdefects in the early stage of birth and diagnose it in advance [9]. Due to the lack of research on the above-mentioned issues in Mongolia,we decided to conduct this research by using three-dimensional ultra-sonographyto detect and diagnose congenital cleft lip palate. By doing this research, wewill be able to better assist those suffering from congenital malformation in Mongolia.

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