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Political History of Equatorial Guinea: “The Rise and Entrenchment of Nguemism” (Geoffrey Wood, 2004: p. 548)

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Document pages: 15 pages

Abstract: Since the 1960s watershed events of decolonization,the African state has remained locked in monarchist’s chains, outwardly fragileand denied the opportunity of transiting into mature, predictable, stable anddeveloping states. This has been the lived experience of Equatorial Guinea,awarded independence from Spain through the technical intervention of theUnited Nations in 1968, after the violent reign of two presidents over thefifty years, the incumbent, PresidentTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo has anointed his son, “Teodorin” to become the future leader. Meanwhile, severalcourts in the United States,Switzerland, Spain and more recently, in February 2020, a French Courtfound him guilty of squandering public monies through an extravagant lifestyleand following the now established international norm, confiscated and auctionedthe assets luxury mansions, fast cars, yachts and airplanes in order to donatethe proceeds towards impoverished Equatoguineans. The challenge is thereforethat, for more than three generations, Equatorial Guinea leadership will remainin the hands of the Nguemas notwithstanding the periodic and farcicalmultiparty elections since 1991. Using secondary sources, country reports,academic thesis and dissertation as well as newspaper reports, this article traces the accession to power and powerretention strategies and his intention of 2016 appointing his son as theFirst Vice President and constitutional heir after his long reign of fourdecades and its political implications? This research is about the nature ofpolitical leadership and democratic succession in Africa. In the case ofEquatorial Guinea, this reveals a case of arrestedpolitical transition under the tutelage of family rule that appears tohave marginalised constitutional institutions while creating a parallel powerconsolidation leadership typology and culture.

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