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Comparative Analysis of Fatal Pedestrian Crashes between Kansas and USA

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Document pages: 16 pages

Abstract: Due to the increasing trend of population growth andurbanization, pedestrians form one of the largest single road user groups.However, they are the most neglected group among all road users. Pedestriansafety is now a growing concern in the USA. Identifying the factors associatedwith fatal pedestrian crashes plays a key role in developing efficient andeffective strategies to enhance pedestrian safety. This study addresses safetyissues by identifying contributory factors associated with fatal pedestriancrashes in Kansas and the USA. For Kansas, the study uses KARS (Kansas Accident Reporting System) databasewhile for the USA FARS (Fatality Analysis Reporting System) database has been used. Different variables considered in this study are humanvariables (age, and gender), environmental variables (atmospheric condition andlight condition), time (time of day, day of week,and crash month), location (intersection vs. mid-block), and roadway variables (speed limit). Different factors thatare found to have an association with fatal pedestrian crashes are male pedestrians, older pedestrians,weekend, off peak hours, winter months,dark hours, non-intersection, clear atmospheric conditions, higher speed limit.The findings from Kansas have been compared with that from the USA. This studyhelps to implement potential countermeasures by identifying the factors thathave an association with fatal pedestrian crashes.

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