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Gender differences in children's and adolescents' daily activities: a transnational time use study

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Abstract: Using the time log data from 2009 to 2015, this study studied the gender differences in daily activities of children and adolescents aged 10-17 in Finland, Spain and the United Kingdom (n = 3517). In these three countries, boys are more involved in screen based activities and exercise, and girls are more involved in housework, non screen educational activities and personal care. Only in Britain, the gender difference in social time is significant, and girls socialize more than boys. The largest gender gap within countries is domestic work (UK: 60 ; Finland: 58 ; Spain: 48 ) and exercise (UK: 57 ; Finland: 36 ; Spain: 27 ), followed by educational time (UK: 35 ; Finland: 34 ; Spain: 18 ) and screen based activities (UK: 31 ; Finland: 16 ; Spain: 16 ), personal care (UK: 27 ; Finland: 21 ; Spain) lowerain: 14 ) and socializing (UK; 21 ; Finland: 13 ; Spain: 6 ). Two-way country-gender interactions in children’s activities were statistically significant when comparing Spain and the UK on screen-based activities, socializing, and personal care, with larger gender gaps in the UK than in Spain. By contrast, gender differences in child time use between Finland and either Spain or UK were not statistically significant. The complex role of national contexts and life-course stages in shaping gendered time-use patterns is discussed.

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