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Private schools for more non local students? Performance of immigrants in private schools with different national backgrounds

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Document pages: 20 pages

Abstract: Immigrant children from most countries are disadvantaged in school. We investigated which characteristics of school and social environment affect the performance of immigrant students. We believe that the living conditions and inequalities of society as a whole may affect the opportunities of members of minorities and the role of private schools in the process of unequal social reproduction. In particular, we investigated whether immigrant students in private schools performed better than those in public schools. The analysis of this paper is based on the data collected in Pisa 2006 survey. Our main result is that the low math and reading ability of immigrant students is partly due to their socio-economic status and cultural backgroundcapital of the family and—to a marginal degree—by school characteristics. Initially, students in private independent schools have some advantages that disappear after controlling for country attributes. In both fields of knowledge, migrants obtain better results in private government-dependent schools (interaction effect); this, however, can be traced back to their families' socioeconomic origin and cultural capital. We detect that students in private independent schools reach lower competency levels in wealthier societies (GNP).

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