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Transforming African science, technology, engineering and Mathematics (stem) education systems with ICT: challenges and opportunities

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Document pages: 30 pages

Abstract: This paper introduces the role of ICT in changing the discipline curriculum education system (AES) of science, technology, engineering and Mathematics (stem) in Africa. The document highlights the positive transformation in the use of ICT to improve the quality of teaching throughout Africa. These activities include intensive ICT skills training for teachers, increasing ICT equipment and applications in schools, and the emergence of living laboratories (LLS) and innovation spaces centers (innospace). We first described some of the challenges of Integrating ICT into education, then described key ICT initiatives that have supported the adoption of ICT in schools in the past and at present, and used some case studies from sub Saharan Africa. We further propose various ICT based educational models as a changeapproach towards integrating ICTs in AES. Moreover, we provide various ICT platforms deployed for education service delivery in disadvantaged African society (e.g., rural areas) including LLs and InnoSpace across the continent. Finally, we highlight our main findings and observations in terms of opportunities and future ICT for education research directions in Africa. Our aim is to provide some guidelines and ensure that Africa uniformly meet the 2030 United Nations Sustainable Development Goal number 4, which is to ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning, particularly using ICTs.

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