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Evaluating predictors of academic achievement of medical students based on nmei courses in southern Ethiopia

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Document pages: 8 pages

Abstract: Background since 2012, the Federal Ministry of health and education of Ethiopia has implemented a new medical education program in 13 institutions. At present, as a country, few people know the predictors of students academic achievement based on the new medical education curriculum. It is important to identify different factors affecting students academic performance in a local context in order to enrich empirical evidence and provide new insights into the impact of variables in developing countries. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictors of medical students academic achievement based on the curriculum of the new medical education initiative. Objectively, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictors of academic achievement of the new medical education programurriculum-based medical students found in Southern Nations and Nationalities Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia. Methods. Institutional-based cross-sectional study design was used on 472 new medical education system students. The study setting includes three medical institutions (Dilla University College of Medicine and Health Science, Wolaita Sodo University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, and Yirgalem Hospital Medical College) within southern region from February to July 2020. The study subjects were those medical students under the NMEI curriculum and had at least one-year cumulative grade point average in the abovementioned institutions. Results. A total of 167 (35.4 ) of the students’ academic performance scores were poor. Being agriculture graduate with educational background, mothers with no formal education, being married, first-degree performance score of 2.7–3.2 CGPA, monthly allowance of 10–24.99 USD, nondormitory, student age of 31–35 years old, and being stressed have shown an association with poor academic performance score of the students. Conclusion. First-degree educational background, marital status, maternal educational status, first-degree academic performance, age of the student, monthly allowance, residency during medical school, and history of stress were significant predictors of academic performance for new medical education system students. Thus, it is recommended that special attention should be paid to the admission criteria and financial support of the students.

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