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Cultural beliefs and infant mortality in Nigeria

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Document pages: 10 pages

Abstract: Nearly half of the global deaths under the age of five due to root causes occur in five countries: China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Nigeria and Pakistan, of which nearly one third occur in India and Nigeria (Lawson et al., 2014). method. This study investigated the cultural beliefs of working mothers in Nigeria about infant mortality. The relationship between cultural beliefs and infant mortality of working mothers (n   =   2400) was studied by multistage sampling technique. This study used an indigenous questionnaire, the infant mortality cultural beliefs questionnaire (cbimq), and used a series of hierarchical regression and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to test the hypothesis that cultural beliefs about infant mortality vary according to geography, race and culturey, age, income, education, and marital status. Results. Findings revealed that age, education, and mothers’ monthly income significantly predicted working mothers’ cultural beliefs of infant mortality. Furthermore, results showed differences in marital status, urban vs. rural locality, ethnicity, and religious affiliation on working mothers’ cultural beliefs of infant mortality. Conclusion. We discuss the implications to address health issues and provide recommendations for targeted programs such as seminars and workshops to be organized by counselors on the scientific causes of infant mortality.

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