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Critical thinking level of Iranian medical students

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Document pages: 18 pages

Abstract: Background critical thinking is one of the most important tasks in the education planning system of medical colleges all over the world. Therefore, it is very important to determine the level of critical thinking skills and critical thinking tendency of medical students. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the critical thinking level of Iranian medical students. method. In order to extract published research in the field of critical thinking in Iran, a search was conducted in the databases of PubMed, ScienceNet, Scopus, Eric and magiran. Critical thinking, medicine and Iranian keywords are used for search in Persian and English without any time limit. The PRISMA flow chart is drawnpplied for the selection of articles, and the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale was used for the evaluation of these papers. Results. After evaluating the quality of searched articles, 80 articles were finally selected for the final analysis. The total sample of the articles included 12,578 students. The results indicated that out of 51 articles conducted in the field of critical thinking skills, 48 articles reported these skills at a low level, 2 papers at a medium level, and only 1 paper at a high level in the medical sciences students. Among 29 articles in the field of the level of critical thinking disposition, 13 articles reported their tendency level at a low level, 11 articles at a medium level, and 5 articles at a high level. Conclusion. In general, based on most articles, the level of critical thinking skills in the medical sciences students in Iran was reported to be at a low level and their tendency to critical thinking at a moderate level and low level. Therefore, given the importance of critical thinking for medical sciences students, future studies should consider factors influencing the increase of the critical thinking level in these students. In this regard, formation of some training workshops can also be promising. Furthermore, reviewing the medical sciences curriculum should be taken into consideration by the policymakers and educational planners so as to strengthen the level of critical thinking in the medical sciences students.

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