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Structural validity of Vallerand Academic Motivation Scale (AMS)

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: The structure of learning motivation seems to be influenced by cultural factors. Many studies have tested the factor structure of the academic motivation scale (AMS), and the results show that the factor structure of AMS is different (for example, taghipour Ali Hosein et al. (EL Yazidi and louzani, 2017). It is concluded that the scale consists of two dimensions: Natalya and purwanto (2018). It is concluded that the scale consists of three dimensions; alruaili (2020) It is concluded that the scale consists of four dimensions; Abu Awad (2009) concluded that the scale consists of six dimensions). AMS is one of the most widely used academic incentives in the world. It is based on the theory of self-determination. The current research aims to study the factorial structure of AMS using explorerry factor analysis (PCA) and the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The AMS was applied to a sample of 401 university students. The results of PCA suggested a three-factor solution (intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and Amotivation), and CFA was conducted for three competing structures (three factors, five factors, and seven factors); the results confirmed the three-factor solution for the AMS. The results also showed that the AMS dimensions had good alpha coefficient values which were greater than the acceptable cut-off value of 0.7. In conclusion, the Jordanian version of the AMS is a valid scale that consists of 24 items loaded on three factors (intrinsic, extrinsic, and Amotivation) for measuring academic motivation.

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