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The bottleneck of expanding science and technology education in Nepal: an exploratory study

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Document pages: 10 pages

Abstract: Both developed and developing countries attach great importance to higher education and social and economic development research. Research shows that the high participation rate of science, technology, engineering and Mathematics (stem) education is very important for global market competitiveness. Nepal will not realize the people s desire for prosperity by maintaining the status quo of the education system. This study aims to explore and evaluate the factors affecting science and technology education in Nepal, try to evaluate the current situation of science education in Nepal, and critically examine the factors affecting the development of science education in Nepal. The study used primary and secondary data. The main source of data isinterviews, observations, focused group discussions, and semistructured questionnaires. Secondary data were collected from National Examination Board, universities, colleges, and campuses. The study found a decreasing trend of student enrollment in science and technology (S&T) education in Nepal. In addition, the results revealed a decreasing trend of women students, so it should be taken as a matter of concern. Some key bottlenecks identified were insufficient and broken physical infrastructures (classrooms, laboratories, and libraries); inadequate and incapable human resources; and improper management practices. However, the study results show positive perceptions of society towards S&T education in Nepal. The study recommends developing modern infrastructures, building human resources, and improving management practices for better S&T education.

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