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Virtual reality as a teaching tool to promote experiential learning: a systematic literature review

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Document pages: 17 pages

Abstract: For half a century, technology has dominated modern society. The rapid development of technology has reached the level of producing artificial intelligence and artificial reality. Therefore, virtual reality is a new technology, which is also applied in education. Virtual reality is a computer-generated simulation. People can interact in an artificial environment. In addition, in the educational environment, such an environment provides students with opportunities for experiential learning. This paper systematically reviews the literature on emerging technologies, such as virtual reality as a teaching tool to improve students experiential learning. This review aims to explore and understand the impact of virtual reality on students experiential learning through the review of 26 selected projectsrticles. The selected studies have followed various methodologies and are from different contexts. This review study aims to present a systematic literature review for understanding and exploring the effect of virtual reality as a pedagogical tool for enhancing students’ experiential learning. Nine themes were identified, which are (a) virtual reality as pedagogical tool, (b) virtual reality as emerging educational technology tool, (c) virtual reality as digital transformation, (d) virtual reality as teaching-learning model, (e) virtual reality as architectural pedagogy, (f) virtual reality for communication skills, (g) virtual reality for reading and writing skills, (h) virtual reality for social learning, and (i) virtual reality for experiential learning. Thus, it is found that virtual reality is used as a pedagogical tool for various subject areas for encouraging involvement. It is helpful in medical, engineering, language, and social learning, as it provides a chance to get first-hand experience of the environment. Also, it helps learners to engage in a presented virtual environment and experience the sense of presence in it and enhances students’ experiential learning. Therefore, this review found virtual reality as an essential pedagogical tool for strengthening students’ experiential learning.

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