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Degree of domestic violence and related factors among pregnant women in hulet ejju enesie area in northwest Ethiopia

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: Domestic violence during pregnancy is one of the obstacles to achieving millennium development goal 3 because of its adverse health effects. Due to the different time periods discussed in the existing literature, there is a lack of comparable population data on this issue. This difference between the findings indicates the importance of site-specific research, especially in rural Ethiopia, where little is known about the issue. Objective the purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent of domestic violence among pregnant women and its related factors in hulet ejju enesie area in northwest Ethiopia. Methods and materials. A community-based quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1 to 31, 2014. A total of 425 randomly selected pregnant women participated in the study. standardd WHO multicountry study on women’s health and domestic violence questionnaire were used for data collection. Four trained female data collectors were involved. Odds ratio with 95 CI was estimated to identify factors associated with domestic violence during pregnancy using multivariate logistic regression. Statistical significance was declared at value ≤0.05. Results. The prevalence of domestic violence during current pregnancy was 32.2 . The prevalence of psychological, sexual, and physical violence was 24.9 , 14.8 , and 11.3 , respectively. Married women at the age of ≤15 years were about four times (AOR = 4.2, 95 CI 1.9–9.0) more likely to experience domestic violence during pregnancy than their counterparts. Meanwhile, interparental exposure to domestic violence during childhood (AOR = 2.3, 95 CI 1.1–4.8), having frequently drinker partner (AOR = 3.4, 95 CI 1.6–7.4), and undesired pregnancy by partner (AOR = 6.2, 95 CI 3.2–12.1) were the main significant factors that increase risk of domestic violence during pregnancy. Conclusion and Recommendation. In this study, the prevalence of domestic violence during current pregnancy is high which may lead to a serious health consequence both on the mothers and on their foetuses. Thus, targeted efforts should be made by all concerned stakeholders to reduce the problem in the study area.

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