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Dr. zainoel Abidin of Banda Aceh general hospital changed employees' smoking behavior

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Document pages: 13 pages

Abstract: Smoking is a personal habit. The determinants of smoking behavior are many factors in the social environment inside and around individuals. Smoking has always been a bad phenomenon among the staff of zainoel Abidin provincial general hospital in Banda Aceh. Health promotion is a strategy that leads to behavioral changes by reducing smoking among employees. This action study aims to analyze the changes of smoking behavior of hospital staff. The sample for this study was all 152 male employees, all of whom were smokers. The results of this study show that health promotion intervention (HPI) includes personal empowerment, social support and publicity to improve employees knowledge and attitude, so as to affect employees to stop or stop worktly. HPI employed included counseling programs, distribution of antismoking leaflets, putting up antismoking posters, and installation of no smoking signs. These HPI proved effective to increase knowledge and create a positive attitude to nonsmoking that resulted in major reductions in smoking by staff when offsite and complete cessation of smoking whilst in the hospital. Continuous evaluation, monitoring, and strengthening of policies banning smoking should be maintained in all hospitals.

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