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Systematic evaluation of cardiovascular disease prevalence and related risk factors among adults in the Gulf region

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Document pages: 24 pages

Abstract: Background cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Objective to analyze the epidemiological data of coronary heart disease, stroke and related risk factors in adult population in Gulf countries. method. The articles published from 1990 to 2014 were systematically reviewed. The consequence analysis included 62 related studies. It is reported that the prevalence of coronary heart disease in Saudi Arabia is 5.5 . The annual incidence rate of stroke in the Gulf countries is 27.6-57 10 million, ischemic stroke is the most common subtype. Hypertension and diabetes are the most common risk factors for stroke and ACS. The prevalence of overweight and obesity ranges from 31.2 to 43.3 in men, 22 to 34.1 in women, 28 to 34.3 and 26.1 to 44 in women respectively. In males, the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes ranged from 26.0 to 50.7 and 9.3 to 46.8 , respectively; in females these ranged from 20.9 to 57.2 and 6 to 53.2 , respectively. The prevalence of inactivity was from 24.3 to 93.9 and 56.7 to 98.1 in males and females, respectively. Relatively more males (13.4 to 37.4 ) than females (0.5 to 20.7 ) were current smokers. Available data indicate poor dietary habits with high consumption of snacks, fatty foods, sugar, and fast food. Conclusion. Effective preventative strategies and education programs are crucial in the Gulf region to reduce the risk of CVD mortality and morbidity in the coming years.

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