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Relationship between burn severity and socio-economic status in Nova Scotia, Canada

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Document pages: 4 pages

Abstract: Few studies in Canada have examined the relationship between SES and the incidence rate of burns. We tried to evaluate this relationship using median income as a measure of SES in Nova Scotia, Canada. method. From 1995 to 2012, Nova Scotia residents in Queen Elizabeth II burn ward in Halifax, Nova Scotia were included in the study. SES was estimated by correlating the subject s zip code with the median household income at the regional level of transmission of Canadian census data. Four equal income groups (average percentage of total combustion) from the lowest income to the highest income quartile were compared. Likelihood ratios were calculated to assess the impact of median household income burns per income quartile. Results 302 patients included in the analysis. Average percent total burn surface area was 19 , 15 , 15 , and 14 () per income quartile (Q1: lowest, Q4: highest), respectively. Likelihood ratios for income quartile Q1–Q4 were 1.3 (0.8–1.6), 1.2 (0.6–1.4), and 0.7 (0.6–1.2), respectively. Conclusion. Contrary to findings in other geographic regions of the world, severity or incidence of burn injury in Nova Scotia, Canada, does not change in relation to SES when using family median income as a surrogate.

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