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Perceived risk and related factors of HIV infection among middle school students in Uganda

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Document pages: 8 pages

Abstract: Introduction of HIV AIDS continues to be a major public health problem in Uganda. 4 of people aged 15 to 24 are infected with HIV. Few studies have investigated the awareness of HIV risk among adolescents in Uganda. method. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 379 middle school students by multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using a questionnaire administered by interviewers. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis were performed. One hundred and ninety-one percent (49.6 ) of the respondents thought they had the risk of HIV infection, 174 (45.9 ) had sex, and 139 (80.4 ) had sex for the first time under the age of 16 or under 16. Only 49 of the respondents who had sex within 12 months used condoms. Over 17 years old, know a person who died of hi, early sexual debut, and having ever had sex were associated with perceived risk of contracting HIV. After multivariate analysis, knowledge of someone who died of HIV (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) 16, 95 CI 1.49–171.97) remained statistically significant. Conclusion. Many secondary school students perceived themselves to be at risk of contracting HIV; this perception is associated with knowing someone who died of HIV AIDS. There is a need to strengthen HIV risk reduction interventions in Wakiso secondary schools.

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