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Utilization and related factors of mother to child transmission of HIV prevention services by maternal care in the town of Se beta, central Ethiopia

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Document pages: 11 pages

Abstract: Background child transmission of HIV is still the main source of HIV infection among children under 15 years of age. Targeted at pregnant women attending prenatal clinics, providing a unique opportunity to prevent mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programme against neonatal HIV infection. This study assessed the utilization and related factors of mother to child transmission of HIV services among mothers receiving ANC treatment. method. An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 20 to March 30, 2015, and 377 ANC participants were interviewed by continuous sampling. In depth interviews were conducted with service providers to supplement quantitative data. The data were input and analyzed using EpiData and SPSS respectively. Rezlts. The prevalence of PMTCT service utilization was 86.9 in this study. Only 8.6 of respondents attended the facility for HCT. After controlling confounders using logistic regression, PMTCT service utilization was associated with age (25–34) of respondents (AOR (95 CI) = 0.46 (0.22, 0.97)), mother’s occupational status (being merchant AOR (95 CI) = 0.31 (0.12, 0.83), government employee AOR (95 CI) = 0.05 (0.01, 0.28), student AOR (95 CI) = 0.1 (0.01, 0.44), and daily laborer AOR (95 CI) = 0.13 (0.05, 0.33)), husband’s educational status (lack of formal education (AOR (95 CI) = 3.3 (1.1, 9.9))), having discussion with husband (AOR (95 CI) = 6.1 (2.6, 14.1)), partner tested (AOR (95 CI) = 8.2 (1.9, 34.46)), and being not satisfied with the service (AOR (95 CI) = 0.46 (0.2, 0.99)). Conclusions. This study revealed that utilization of HIV counseling and testing during antenatal care was high among pregnant women in Sebeta town. It highlights that focusing on improvement of quality and coverage of health services has significant effects on PMTCT service utilization. Effective use or uptake of ARV drug among HIV-positive pregnant women should be further investigated so that utilization will be enhanced.

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