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Health related quality of life and related factors of women receiving antiretroviral treatment in Jimma town medical institutions in southwest Ethiopia

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Document pages: 13 pages

Abstract: Background this study investigated the health-related quality of life and related factors of HIV positive women receiving antiretroviral treatment in health facilities in Jimma town. method. A cross-sectional study was conducted and a total of 377 HIV positive women receiving antiretroviral treatment were selected by continuous sampling technique. The quality of life was measured using the WHOQOL-BREF tool. Descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed. Adjusted odds ratios with P values < 0.05 and 95 confidence intervals were used to determine statistical significance and report the correlation between quality of life and independent variables. Results among the sampled participants, 344 were interviewed, and a response rate of 91 was obtained. Average ±tandard deviation age of the respondents was 34.07 ± 8.76 years and 80.5 of them were urban dwellers. The proportion of women reporting good health-related quality of life was found to be 46.5 . Specific to each domain, the mean ± standard deviation of level of independence domain was the highest (14.08 ± 3.07) followed by physical (13.46 ± 2.95), social relationships (13.27 ± 3.91), psychological (12.97 ± 2.47), environmental (12.94 ± 3.25), and spiritual (12.39 ± 2.84) domains. Good social support (AOR: 4.99; 95 CI: [2.88, 8.34]), higher wealth status (AOR: 1.85; 95 CI: [1.02, 3.39]), and being on antiretroviral therapy for shorter duration (AOR: 1.85; 95 CI [1.14, 3.03]) were independently associated with better overall health-related quality of life among the participants. Conclusions. The study demonstrated high proportion of HIV positive women on ART had poor health-related quality of life which was affected by wealth index, social support, and duration on antiretroviral therapy.

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