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Relationship between growth retardation of children and adolescents in Yemen and some demographic and socio-economic factors

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Document pages: 7 pages

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of gender, living area, age group, school enrolment, poverty and income quintile variables on the prevalence of stunting among children and adolescents in Yemen. All children and adolescents aged 5-19 (3004 persons) were surveyed and included in the latest data of the 2005 2006 Yemeni family budget survey (yhbs). The data include the classification of poverty status of the surveyed families. The cut-off value of age reference height-2 Z score recommended by NCHS is used to calculate the prevalence of stunting. Descriptive, categorical test and logit modeling statistical analysis tools were used in the survey. Statistical analysis showed that the overall prevalence of stunting was 49.5 , the second was prevalence of stunting among males is higher than females. The prevalence of stunting among rural children and adolescents is higher than the urban children and adolescents, and it is higher among children and adolescents who were not enrolled than those enrolled. Children and adolescents of poor households were suffering from stunting (52.8 ) as compared to children and adolescents of nonpoor households (47.7 ). Children and adolescents living with the poorest, second, and middle-income households were 1.76, 1.73, and 1.46 times more likely to be stunted, respectively. The research provides an evidence that the childhood health situation in Yemen is chaotic and needs careful and effective cooperation and efforts both nationally and internationally to divert the foreseen danger looming.

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