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Dietary diversity and related factors of HIV positive adult patients treated by public health institutions in Mota Town, East gojam District, northwest Ethiopia in 2017

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: Introduction dietary diversity refers to the number of different food groups or foods consumed during a specific reference time. The problem of human immunodeficiency virus remains one of the major public health challenges, especially in low - and middle-income countries. Nutrition is related to the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and the adverse consequences associated with human immunodeficiency virus. Objective to evaluate the dietary diversity and related factors of human immunodeficiency virus positive adult patients in Mota administrative town in northwest Ethiopia in 2017. method. A facility-based cross-sectional study design was conducted on 410 study participants using proportional distribution stratified sampling technique. These data are collected by usng semi-structured and pretested questionnaire. Data were entered into Epi-Data version 3.1 and analysis was performed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the number and percentage of the study variables. The bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were done to identify the independent factors associated with dietary diversity among adult human immune virus (HIV) positive patients. Result. A total of 410 study participants were included in the analysis. Of the total, 121 (29.5 ) of adult HIV positive respondents consumed diversified diet with the mean dietary diversity score of 3.2 (SD±1.88). The predominant food item consumed during the study periods was starchy staples (96.1 ) and legumes (81.7 ). Having means of communication cell phone (mobile phone) [(AOR= 2.13 (1.16, 3.60)], media exposure status in the household [(AOR =1.95 (1.22, 3.11)] and nutrition counselling [(AOR =2.17 (1.09, 4.67)] were significant factors associated with dietary diversified feeding at 95 CI. Conclusion. The study revealed that low dietary diversity score was significant nutritional problem among HIV positive adults in Motta town health facilities. Having mobile cell phone, media exposure status and nutritional counseling were significantly associated with dietary diversity score. Therefore efforts should be strengthened to improve the counseling service at each health institution and encourage the patients to use media for the source of information.

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