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Practice and related factors of traditional ophthalmic medicine among adult residents in gondal City, northwest Ethiopia

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Document pages: 7 pages

Abstract: Traditional medicines are commonly used in Africa. About 13.2 – 82.3 of the population use traditional ophthalmic drugs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the practice and related factors of traditional ophthalmology among adult residents in Gondar City, northwest Ethiopia. method. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 600 participants using a pre-test structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by using the social science statistical software package (SPSS) version 20 computer software. The correlation and strength between dependent and independent variables were determined by odds ratio and 95 confidence interval. Results a total of 600 respondents participated in the study, with a response rate of 95 . Of all study participants, 73 (12.2 ) patients (95 confidence interval: 10-15 ) had the diseased traditional eye medicine in the past two years. Variables such as being unmarried (AOR = 0.48 (95 CI: 0.17–0.83)), being illiterate (AOR = 5.40 (95 CI: 5.3–12.3)), living in traditional healers available area (AOR = 2.84 (95 CI: 1.44–7.56)), poor access to modern eye care services (AOR = 2.11 (95 CI: 1.06–4.19)), and positive family history of traditional eye medicine use (AOR = 4.00 (95 CI: 1.84–8.67)) were significantly associated with traditional eye medicine practice. Conclusion. The proportion of traditional eye medicine practice was low in the past two years in Gondar city, Ethiopia, as compared to most African and Asian studies like south East Nigeria and Nepal, respectively. This may be due to the presence of tertiary eye care centers in the city that lets the residents prefer modern eye medicines over traditional eye medicines. Positive family history of traditional eye medicine use, being unmarried, being illiterate, poor access to modern eye care service, and availability of traditional healers had a significant association with the practice of traditional eye medicine. Community awareness about traditional eye medicine use is important to reduce the risk of complications even if the proportion is low.

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