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Infection prevention practices of medical staff in Bell district hospital in Southeast Ethiopia

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Document pages: 7 pages

Abstract: In Ethiopia, preventing infection to protect patients, medical staff and visitors from medical acquired infection is one of a series of national transformation measures to ensure the provision of high-quality medical services. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the practice and related factors of infection prevention in Bell district hospital. method. A cross-sectional study took 402 medical and nursing personnel as subjects, and used the method of simple random sampling to understand their practices in preventing infection. Data were collected in interviews using a pre-test structured questionnaire. Check the integrity of the returned questionnaire, then input the data into the database and analyze it with SPSS version 20. Adjust odd ratioAOR) with a 95 confidence interval was calculated to determine the strength of association, and variables with a p value <0.05 in the final model were considered as statistically significant. Results. Three hundred ninety-four healthcare workers participated in the study. Of these; 145 (36.8 , 95 CI 32, 42 ) of them were found to have self-reported good infection prevention practice. Good knowledge towards infection prevention (AOR = 1.84, 95 CI 1.02, 3.31), availability of personal protective equipment (AOR = 1.96, 95 CI 1.16, 3.32), and water (AOR = 4.42, 95 2.66, 7.34) at workplace were found to have a statistically significant association with healthcare workers self-reported good infection prevention practices. Conclusions. In this study, slightly more than one-third of the healthcare workers reported to have good infection prevention practice. Good knowledge towards infection prevention, working in departments, availability of personal protective equipment, and water at work place were found to have statistically significant association with self-reported good infection prevention practices.

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