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Determinants of anemia in children aged 6-59 months in Ethiopia: further analysis of 2016 Ethiopian population health survey

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Document pages: 6 pages

Abstract: Anemia in children of different backgrounds is a global public health problem. Developing countries, including Ethiopia, have a heavy burden. Although there are some studies on anemia in children, Ethiopia lacks information on anemia related factors. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to determine the related factors of anemia in children aged 6-59 months in Ethiopia. method. We used the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data. EDHS is a community-based cross-sectional study conducted from January 18, 2016 to June 27, 2016. In 2016, EDHS adopted a two-stage stratified cluster sampling technique to select participants. A total of 8462 children aged 6-59 months were included in this analysis. Descriptive and logistic regression analysises were performed using Stata version14. A value less than 0.05 at 95 confidence interval was set to test the statistical significance. Results. The analysis indicated that about 58 (95 CI: 55.1, 60.1) of children aged 6–59 months were anemic. Of those, 29.4 and 3.1 had moderate and severe anemia, respectively. The analysis revealed that stunted (AOR = 0.135, 95 CI: 1.13, 1.62) and underweight (AOR = 1.27, 95 CI: 1.04, 1.55) children had higher odds of being anemic. Besides, children aged 6–23 months (AOR = 1.39, 95 CI: 1.06, 1.82), 24–42 months of age (AOR = 1.26, 95 CI: 1.05, 1.51), and those with fever (AOR = 1.34, 95 CI: 1.07, 1.67) had higher odds of being anemic. Similarly, children from anemic mothers (AOR = 1.86, 95 CI: 1.58, 2.18) and poor households (AOR = 1.35, 95 CI: 1.09, 1.67) were at a higher risk of anemia. Children from households with large family sizes (AOR = 1.29, 95 CI: 1.03, 1.60), young mothers (15–24 years of age (AOR = 1.39, 95 CI: 1.06, 1.82) and 25–34 years of age (AOR = 1.26, 95 CI: 1.05, 1.51)), and developing regions (AOR = 1.44, 95 CI: 1.03, 2.02) also had higher odds of developing anemia. Conclusion. The overall prevalence of anemia among children aged 6–59 months in Ethiopia was high. Malnourished children (stunting and underweight); children with fever; children from anemic, uneducated, and young mothers; and children from large and poor families had higher odds to develop anemia. Therefore, preventing childhood illnesses and maternal anemia should be strengthened to reduce anemia among children.

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