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Determinants of household access to improved drinking water sources: secondary analysis of multi index cluster survey of eswatini in 2010 and 2014

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: Millions of people around the world still die from diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, although nearly a decade ago the United Nations recognized access to clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right. The purpose of this study is to describe the determinants of eswatini s access to improved drinking water sources in 2010 and 2014. The data of 4819 households in 2010 and 4843 households in 2014 were analyzed by using eswatini multi index cluster survey (emics). Bivariate and multivariate complementary logarithmic regression analysis was conducted to determine the determinants of household access to improved drinking water sources. The study found that households access to improved drinking water sources increased significantly from 73. in 2010 to 77.7 in 2014 (). In 2010, households whose heads were aged 35–54 and 55 years had lower odds of having access to improved drinking water sources than those with younger ones. In 2014, female-headed households had lower odds, while, in 2010, sex of the household head was not associated with access to improved drinking water sources. In both years, an increase in the number of household members was negatively associated with access to improved drinking water sources compared to those with fewer members. In both years, the odds of access to improved drinking water sources increased with an increase in the wealth index of the household, and households located in urban areas had higher odds of access to improved drinking water sources compared to those in rural settings. In both years, households from the Shiselweni and Lubombo regions had lower odds of access to improved drinking water sources. The government and its partners should continue to upscale efforts aimed at increasing access to improved drinking water, especially in rural areas, to reduce the disparity that exists between urban and rural households.

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