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Knowledge, attitude and preventive measures of sexually transmitted infections among students in preparatory schools in sigojam, Ethiopia

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: Background sexually transmitted infections are a major public health problem, mainly affecting adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate students knowledge, attitude and preventive measures against sexually transmitted infections and related factors. method. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from October 24 to November 4, 2018. 845 sample sizes were calculated and one-stage sampling technique was used. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. The data were entered into Epi Info 7.2 and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 25 software. Descriptive results are presented in the form of text, charts and tables. In addition, bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to determine the relevant factors. thenhe adjusted odds ratio and its 95 confidence interval were computed. And a value of <0.05 was considered to assert statistical significance. Results. Half of the respondents (50.5 ) had good knowledge on sexually transmitted infections. Also, 46.4 of students had a good preventive practice. However, only 38.4 of students had an appropriate attitude towards sexually transmitted infections. Being a male (AOR: 1.58 (95 CI: (1.19, 2.09)) and having employed father (AOR: 1.97 (95 CI: (1.18, 3.30)) predicted good knowledge. Similarly, secondary and above level of paternal education (AOR: 2.16 (95 CI: (1.28, 3.64)) and having a farmer father (AOR: 1.77 (95 CI: (1.04, 3.02)) predicted appropriate attitude. Predictors of preventive practices included elder age (AOR: 2.33 (95 CI: (1.27, 4.28)), never had sexual intercourse (AOR: 1.44 (95 CI: (1.07, 1.94)), and having good knowledge on STIs (AOR: 1.53 (95 CI: (1.16, 2.02)). Conclusion. The proportion of students that had good knowledge, appropriate attitude, and good preventive practice towards STIs were low. Personal and parental factors predicted students’ knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices. Hence, creating awareness need to be strengthened.

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