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Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical workers in biyem assi regional hospital in Yaound é on biomedical waste management: a cross-sectional analysis study

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Document pages: 7 pages

Abstract: Background biomedical waste (BMW) refers to hazardous substances produced in diagnosis, treatment, operation, immunization or research activities including the production of biological products. Medical staff are responsible for the proper management of these wastes to ensure personal safety and environmental protection. method. From June 1 to July 5, 2018, biyem assi regional hospital conducted an analytical knowledge, attitude and Practice (KAP) study, including 100 health workers from different departments. The variables of interest are the respondents knowledge, attitude and practice. Data were collected using a structured pretest questionnaire. The software Epi Info version was used for data analysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to establish the modelsh the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Results. Nurses constituted 32.0 of the participants, and more than half of the participants had 1–4 years of working experience (56.0 ). Overall, the level of knowledge was satisfactory at 50.0 , that of attitudes was as unfavorable at 83.0 , and that of practices was as poor at 50.0 . Favorable attitudes were associated to satisfactory level of knowledge (ORa = 5.14 [3.10–8.51] and ). Good practices were associated to good level of knowledge (ORa = 5.26 [3.17–8.7] and ) and a favorable attitude (ORa = 7.30 [2.25–23, 71] and ). Conclusion. The level of knowledge was considered unsatisfactory for half of the staff interviewed. Attitudes were unfavourable at 83.0 and poor practices at 50.0 . Staff with a good level of knowledge were more likely to have favourable attitudes towards BWM. Also, good knowledge and attitude positively influenced the practice with regard to BMW management.

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