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Exploring the stigma and discrimination associated with HIV in workplace in southwestern Uganda: challenges and Solutions

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Document pages: 10 pages

Abstract: Globally, the HIV AIDS pandemic continues to have a huge impact on the affected societies. Despite several health promotion interventions, HIV AIDS continues to be a major cause of death in low and middle-income countries. In the workplace, the epidemic has led to decreased productivity, increased staff turnover, increased production costs and high levels of stigmatization. The stigma of HIV is one of the main reasons for this epidemic to continue to destroy some societies around the world. HIV stigma is a barrier to HIV prevention in different settings, including workplaces. Unlike large enterprises, small businesses have received less attention in the fight against HIV AIDS. The purpose of this study is to explore how employers and employees overcome chalenges of HIV-related stigma at the workplace. This study employed a qualitative case study design. Data were collected from eighteen participants in three small-scale enterprises in Kabale. Findings indicate that small-scale enterprises are faced with the fear of HIV testing, status disclosure, staff turnover, suicidal thoughts, gossip, etc. Implementing operative national HIV workplace policies may enable small-scale enterprises to overcome challenges of HIV-related stigma at the workplace.

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