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Armed conflict and the weight of children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Document pages: 11 pages

Abstract: This paper investigated the impact of the armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the weight of young children. Within the framework of differences, we examined the adverse effects of conflict exposure on children s weight by using the differences in armed conflict exposure between regions and whether children are exposed to armed conflict due to their time of birth. Specifically, the experience of armed conflict reduced the weight of children by 0.20 and 0.24 standard deviations relative to age and height, respectively. Armed conflict has also increased the probability of underweight and wasted time of children by 4.7 per cent and 2.7 per cent, respectively. Our heterogeneity analysis showed that children with disabilitiestaged backgrounds, i.e., those born to low-educated mothers, poor mothers, and rural mothers, tend to be disproportionately affected. Our study calls for effective measures to mitigate the detrimental repercussions of armed conflict.

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