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Relationship between intestinal parasite infection and malnutrition in adolescents in science and technology village of hawasa University in southern Ethiopia

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: Studies from different backgrounds have denied the correlation between intestinal parasitic infection (IPI) and malnutrition in early Ethiopian adolescents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate intestinal parasitic infection and its relationship with malnutrition in early adolescents in four selected areas of Sidama region. Methods an institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 792 early adolescents in October 2020. Using multi-stage sampling method, 16 primary schools were selected. The study participants were selected by simple random sampling. A trained data collector administered the questionnaire. Fecal samples were collected and analyzed. Anthropometric measurements were performed and indices were calculated using the anthroplus software. Data wee entered into and analyzed by SPSS version 25 software. Association between IPI and undernutrition was measured using multivariable analysis. The outputs are presented using an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with 95 confidence intervals (CIs). Result. The prevalence of IPI, thinness, and stunting was 32 (95 CI: 28.7 , 35.3 ), 17.5 (95 CI: 14.8 , 20.2 ), and 21.5 (95 CI: 18.6 , 24.4 ), respectively. The higher odds of IPIs were observed among adolescents stunted (AOR = 3.61; 95 CI: 2.44–5.33), those who are thin (AOR = 3.07; 95 CI: 2.02–4.66), those who did not wash their hands after toilet (AOR = 1.89; 95 CI: 1.35–2.66), those who ate raw meat (AOR = 1.50; 95 CI: 1.03–2.14), and those whose family did not own toilet (AOR = 1.71; 95 CI: 1.18–2.46). Conclusion. The prevalence of IPI, thinness, and stunting was high and has public health significance in the study area. IPIs were associated with stunting, thinness, lack of toilets, not washing hands after a toilet visit, and eating raw meat. Strengthening nutrition interventions, deworming programs, and health education on personal and environmental hygiene and sanitation are recommended.

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